Tough Trip Through Paradise: Wallowa Valley
In this land lived a part of the Nez Perce tribe called by the other Nez Perces Wal-lam-wat-kin. Those Injuns had lived in this valley as far back as they knew, but in time the white men seen this land and wanted it. In this valley the grass on the hills was never known to fail stock in the winter in the memory of Injun or white man….Those Injuns did not want to leave this land, but the white men started to come in small numbers at first and later more and more of them….General Howard was ordered to remove these Injuns out of the Wallowa Valley and force them on the Lapwai reservation. (205)
Garcia, Andrew. Tough Trip through Paradise. Eugene, Oregon: Comstock Publishing, 1976.